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The Carbon Cycle Interagency Working Group (CCIWG), established under the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP), formerly known as the U.S. Climate Change Science Program, has full authority for all Carbon Cycle Science Program policy and activities in the United States. The CCIWG, whose members represent 12 federal agencies, coordinates the development and execution of each member's individual and interagency federal research program in carbon cycle research. Leadership of the CCIWG comes from senior-level managers of the participating agencies and ensures the success and continuity of the program.
Promote interagency cooperation and coordination,
Help secure funding, prepare individual and joint agency initiatives and solicitations, and
Involve the scientific community with the purpose of providing the needed science to understand the carbon cycle.
The CCIWG coordinates and integrates the carbon cycle research funded by the U.S. government. The CCIWG plans, evaluates and reports on interagency coordination and implementation of carbon cycle research of participating U.S. agencies. See the 2015 CCIWG Terms of Reference (updated in November 2015) for more details.
1. Convening federal program managers
The CCIWG provides a mechanism for regular interagency consultation of Federal program managers that represent carbon cycle science interests and responsibilities
2. Producing program implementation plans
The CCIWG is responsible for the development of research plans for U.S. carbon cycle science (land, ocean, atmosphere, and human dimension). Detailed implementation plans will be developed through CCIWG-sponsorship of planning efforts involving the carbon scientific community and/or the Interagency Subcommittee on Global Change Research (SGCR)*, as appropriate.
3. Planning and coordinating activities
The CCIWG plans, strategizes, and coordinates agency and department approaches for addressing carbon cycle research priorities and needs by developing single- and multi-agency solicitations that will increase the overall value of the research. CCIWG maintains interagency awareness by exchange of agency annual plans and coordinates allocation of resources to the extent possible. CCIWG seeks to reduce redundant research, review and paperwork through this coordination. CCIWG identifies implementation priorities annually with formal recommendation of carbon cycle research priorities as requested by SGCR.
4. Evaluating and ensuring research progress is achieved
The CCIWG assesses the extent to which carbon cycle goals and objectives of the 2012 USGCRP Strategic Plan are being met by Federally-funded researchers. The CCIWG takes steps to ensure that this research remains relevant and productive and provides feedback to the SGCR on progress and priorities.
5. Reporting carbon cycle research
The CCIWG provides contributions to USGCRP’s annual report (Our Changing Planet). The CCIWG provides input to or sponsors the development of other USGCRP documents (e.g., Strategic Plan, National Climate Assessments, etc.) and reports on research plans and results, as requested and/or appropriate.
6. Interacting with relevant USGCRP elements, relevant U.S. Government programs, the science community and public
CCIWG interacts with and supports USGCRP and its subsidiary IWG's, other related government programs, and segments of the scientific community and public. The goal of these interactions is to guide the Nation's carbon cycle research in ways that improve our understanding and prediction of coupled Earth (natural and human) systems in the context of a changing climate, and that serve governmental and societal needs.
7. Advising and participating in relevant syntheses and assessments
The CCIWG facilitates relevant synthesis and assessment processes by coordinating interagency inputs, reviewing draft prospectuses and reports, and providing agency feedback to lead agency and authors. The USGCRP's National Climate Assessment (NCA) and the State of Carbon Cycle Science Report (SOCCR) are examples.
8. Serving as point of contact on carbon cycle research both nationally and internationally, supporting and coordinating as appropriate
The CCIWG serves as a point of contact between the SGCR (including its USGCRP Director), the National Coordination Office, other USGCRP IWGs or subcommittees, other relevant agency programs, the research community of carbon cycle science, and the general public. It also supports and coordinates with appropriate international programs such as Earth System Science Partnership (ESSP), the Global Carbon Project (GCP), the Global Atmospheric Watch Programme (GAW) of the World Meteorological Organization, and Group on Earth Observations (GEO) Carbon, the carbon component of the Global Earth Observing Systems of Systems (GEOSS). In addition, the U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Program Office serves as an Affiliate Project Office of Future Earth's Global Carbon Project.
The CCIWG focuses on interagency research and funding themes based on recent scientific advances and needs such as those highlighted in the 2011 Carbon Science Plan, the USGCRP goals (2012-2022) and individual agency focii. Examples of such CCIWG priorities are reflected in the recent NASA-Research Opportunities in Science of Earth and Space (ROSES) Carbon Cycle Science Solicitations (2013, 2016), produced in collaboration with CCIWG members. Research proposals to improve the understanding of changes in the distribution and cycling of carbon among the active land, ocean, and atmospheric reservoirs and how that understanding can be used to establish a scientific foundation for societal responses to global environmental change were sought in alignment with the research agenda of the USGCRP, and, specifically, its U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Program, as well as the goals and objectives of the individual CCIWG agencies participating in this joint solicitation which can be accessed via this link.
* The Interagency Subcommittee on Global Change Research (SGCR) coordinates the implementation of the USGCRP, in cooperation with the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP).
Co-Chair: Nancy Cavallaro, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)- National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA)
Co-Chair: Zhiliang Zhu, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Paula Bontempi, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Chris Clark, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
James H. Butler, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Marlen Eve, USDA ARS
Kathy Hibbard, NASA
Henry Gholz, National Science Foundation (NSF)
Dwight Gledhill, NOAA
Brad Reed (USGS)
Libby Jewett, NOAA
Randy Johnson, USDA Forest Service
Eric S. Kasischke, NASA
Monika Kopacz, NOAA
Laura Lorenzoni, NASA
Jared DeForest, DOE
Steve Leduc, EPA
Libby Larson, NASA
Hank Margolis, NASA
Anne Marsh, USDA FS
Kenneth Mooney, NOAA
Carolyn Olson, USDA Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS)
Erica Ombres, NOAA
Karina Schaefer, NSF
Toral Patel-Weynand, USDA-FS
Richard Pouyat, USDA-FS
Don Rice, NSF
Dan Stover, Department of Energy (DOE) - Terrestrial Ecosystem Science (TES) Program (Office of Science)
Kathy Tedesco, NOAA
Luis Tupas, USDA-NIFA
Charles Walthall, USDA-Agricultural Research Service
James Whetstone, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Tom Wirth, EPA
Gyami Shrestha, US Carbon Cycle Science Program Office, USGCRP (ex-officio CCIWG member, U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Program Office Director at the USGCRP NCO)